Guns & Weapons

The Best Air Rifle for Hunting: Narrow Down the Choices| Survival-Mastery

Carrying a classic air rifle while hunting

Choosing the right air gun can be hard with all of the options on the market. This article helps you narrow down the choices.

Choosing the best air rifle for hunting can be overwhelming with so many choices. In addition to at least five types of air guns, there are scopes, tanks, pellets, caliber, etc.

This article provides a general overview of the gun types and features to consider so you have the knowledge you need to make a decision.

There are many factors to consider but the information below will provide a good starting point – gun types, features, and a few of the guns I like.

Types of Air Rifles

There are five basic types of air guns, and you will often hear them referred to as air guns, air rifles, pellet guns, and BB guns. People often use them interchangeably.

What is an air gun? I’m asked this question often and simply answer “a gun that propels a pellet or BB with compressed air.”

My face then lights up, and I eagerly announce “but they are so much more!”

There are so many types of air rifles now and they are addictive! These rifles are no longer just “Grandpa’s pest remover.”

Spring Powered Air Rifle

Spring Loaded Target shooting

This gun is simple to operate and uses a piston and spring.

You compress the spring when you cock gun and decompress it when you pull the trigger, and the piston moves forward.

The piston compresses the air and propels the pellet forward.

You will find these guns in break-barrel and spring piston rifles. The spring piston is cocked by a lever.

Uses .177 to .25 caliber pellets.


  • Inexpensive
  • Ease of Use
  • Consistent
  • Easy to Service


  • Recoil
  • Coil will losen
  • Practice to Use
Hatsan Mod 135 Vortex QE

The Hatsan Mod 135 Vortex QE is not only a powerful gun, but it is also a classically good-looking gun with its hardwood stock. Moreover, with its Vortex Gas Piston, QuietEnergy Barrel technology, etc., you can’t beat the price for the quality. This is a gun you will hang up.

Shop Here

Other Good Options

Gas Piston Air Rifle

Gas piston air gun and pellets not being used

The Gas Piston uses a gas-filled cylinder instead of a spring. It is cocked like a Spring-Piston rifle.

The air in the cylinder is already compressed, and when you cock it, you add more pressure.

The propellant force of the pressurized air forces the pellet out of the gun. Shots are smooth because there is no metal spring.

Uses .177 to .25 caliber pellets.


  • No Spring Loosening
  • Less recoil
  • Does not have to be recharged like a PCP gun
  • Less practice needed than a spring-piston


  • More difficult to service yourself and parts hard to find
  • Gas leak = does not work
Hatsan Mod 125 Sniper Vortex QE

The Hatsan Mod 125 Sniper Vortex QE is a workhorse. This is a consistent gun with power, and it's not going to let you down after it has been "handled" on a long hike. In addition, you are getting a good quality gun with features like a Vortex Piston, Quattro two-stage trigger, integral muzzle brake, etc.

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Other Good Options

CO2 Air Rifle

Traditional wood stock gun with pellets

A carbon dioxide cartridge (CO2) is used to power the gun.

Compressed CO2 is released when you shoot the gun, powering out the pellet.

Arrive far ahead of the time you plan to shoot so the cartridge can adjust to ambient temperatures. Unfortunately, these are weather-sensitive.

Some hunters consider CO2 guns best as pistols.

Uses .177 and .22 caliber pellets.


  • No recoil and very accurate
  • Consistent
  • Semi-Automatic


  • Power
  • Weather effects CO2 expansion, so power can vary by day.
  • Consistency

Other Good Options

Precharged Pneumatic (PCP) Air Rifle

Target shooting with a PCP rifle

The PCP gun uses highly pressurized air – up to 4,000 psi.

The pressure is provided by scuba tanks, carbon tanks, pumps, or PCP compressors that must reach a compression level before they are ready to shoot.

Many of these guns are repeaters so that you can shoot them more than once.

This is a quiet gun that can be used for big game.

This can be a very dangerous gun and is not recommended for beginners. Be careful and use a gun range for practice.

Uses .177, .22, .25, .30, .303, .357, .40, .50 caliber pellets.


  • No Recoil
  • Large caliber pellets so effective
  • Power and Accuracy/Consistency
  • Little cocking effort needed
  • Very quiet


  • Expensive
  • More equipment to operate so more expensive to maintain
FX Impact M3 Pneumatic Air Rifle

The FX Impact M3 is a sharp-looking gun noted for its consistency and power. What I like the best is its versatility – dual AMP regulators, hammer spring adjustment, and external valve adjustment. The price point is better than my next favorite – Daystate Delta Wolf. Whatever you order, prepare to wait.

Shop Here

Other Good Options

Variable Pump Air Rifle

Lightweight variable pump target shooting

This gun uses a piston and cylinder.

The gas is compressed between the cylinder and piston, and you determine the pressure based on the amount of pumping.

The cylinder has a valve that locks in the air until you shoot the gun, forcing out the pellet with compressed air.

These guns can take up to 10 pumps to get the pressure you need to shoot a pellet.

Uses .177 and .22 caliber pellets.


  • Light weight and no recoil
  • No extra equipment required
  • Compact
  • Accuracy
  • Price


  • Pumping Action
  • Have to pump between shots
Remington AirMaster 77 Multi-pump pneumatic Air Rifle

The Remington AirMaster 77 was a gun just had to choose, although I almost picked the Daisy! This is a great first multi-pump gun that shoots BBs and pellets. The fiber optic sights and scope are also a nice addition at this price point, although you will likely upgrade the scope on a gun this accurate.

Shop Here

Other Good Options

Pellet Gun Features to Consider

I’ll summarize the features listed above, but some of this information is found when reviewing the five types of air rifles.


Power and caliber are important if you want to hunt with an air rifle, primarily to hunt larger game.

Consider the spring-loaded rifle if you want some of the same features as a real gun. The recoil and carry require practice. If you can shoot this gun with accuracy and consistency, consider yourself a good shot.

Additional Tips

  • CO2 is not as fast as PCP, but faster than spring loaded.
  • The CO2 has much greater recoil than the PCP.
  • The spring in the spring loaded rifle will losen over time, although it is easily replaced.


The larger the caliber, the larger the game is a good rule of thumb.

Rifles with .177 caliber pellets are usually the fastest and most accurate.

.177 are the quickest and most accurate. They are suitable for bird hunting, if you are going to hunt with this caliber.

Additional Tips

  • .22 and .25 have power but are not as accurate. They are good for medium game hunting like gophers and possums.
  • Larger calibers can bring down large animals like pigs and white-tail deer.
  • PCP are often used with the higher calibers


The PCP has the smallest amount of recoil, and the CO2 falls in between the spring-loaded and the PCP.

Additional Tip

  • As mentioned already, I think the spring-loaded gun is a great gun to master. If you can shoot it accurately then you are a pretty good shot.

Multiple Shots

A gun that fires multiple shots is important if you are hunting game. You want to be able to fire the second shot as quickly and consistently as possible.

Additional Tips

  • Spring powered rifles cannot shoot quickly but they can continue to fire until you wear out first.
  • CO2 and PCP air rifles can shoot a limited number of times before needing to be refilled.
  • Pump action guns will have to be pumped multiple times before you can fire again. The game will probably be gone.


Consistency and accuracy are essential with any gun you use, but they are not always the same.

A gun needs to be able to fire a small group of shots consistently. Guns can fire a single shot accurately under specific conditions but still not be consistent.

Additional Tips

  • Spring powered rifles and air pressurized rifles are not affected by temperature like CO2 air guns.
  • PCP air rifles are consistent and accurate.
  • Variable pump air rifles can be very accurate under low pressure, although not as powerful, if you need to take a quick second shot.


Price is important for any purchase, especially if only using your air rifle on occasion.

The more complex the gun (requires external parts like a PCP rifle), the more expensive the gun.

Additional Tips

  • Spring loaded air guns are the least expensive.
  • PCP air rifles are the most expensive due to external gas use.
  • CO2 cartridges can become expensive depending on how many you use.

Air Gun or Air Rifle Safety

Safety is very important when you using any type of gun.

Air guns make up a large category and the NRA has published a comprehensive document on this topic.

The “Air Gun Shooting Sports Safety Guide” provides both general gun handling safety guidelines and Airgun specific guidelines.

Air Rifles – Final Thoughts

Choosing an air rifle requires research and thought. These are not toys, so make sure you have the room and ability to use one. They can be as lethal as a regular rifle.

On the other hand, they can be a great tool in learning how to use a gun and safely handle it, and they can also be A LOT of fun!

Some of the links in this post are affiliate links. This means that if you click on one of these links and make a purchase, I earn a small commission at no extra cost to you. Also, as an Amazon Affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. If the information in this post has been helpful, please consider purchasing through one of the links in this article. Thank you.

About the author

Andrew McKay

Andrew McKay is a seasoned hunter and fisherman from Anchorage, Alaska. Andrew thinks that he is the luckiest person in the world, as he lives in the most gorgeous place in United States and does what he loves to do. As a member of Alaska Professional Hunters Association and International Hunter Education Association, he is always looking for the ways to improve his skills and to teach people around him.


  • I have the Crossman Nitro Venom Break barrel air rifle, what an amazing gun. The first thing I did after buying it was cleaning the barrel, and have been taking care of it ever since. Then, I replaced the stock scope for better vision. Overall, the accuracy is perfect. It took me some time to adjust to the trigger, though; it was a little stiff at first, but with more usage it became somewhat leaner.

    • The Crossman Nitro Venom is a highly rated rifle. You can make a number of modifications, such as what you have done with the scope. However, you should also be prepared to adjust to the modifications you have introduced.

  • Up to what size is it possible to hunt with a pellet gun? I don’t know if it is wise to hunt anything larger than a rabbit with them, but is that true?

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